If you read the headline, “Día de los Muertos” and thought to yourself, “Ah! Mexican Halloween!,” well, you would be wrong. Día de los Muertos, or “Day of the Dead,” is a Mexican tradition began by the Aztecs in central America more than 3,000 years ago, to celebrate (not mourn) the lives of deceased loved ones.
Spaniards who arrived in the Americas in the early 16th century viewed the celebrations as sacrilegious and tried their best to stamp it out in the name of Christianity, not realizing that the day was not about worshipping the dead, it was about learning to laugh at death instead of fear it. Families of the dead create ofrendas, or altars — in honor of those who have passed on — replete with ornate flowers, photos, candles, and little something special that family member would have loved, like a favorite food or item of clothing, and for some, a shot of mezcal.
Today,Dia de los Muertos is still evolving and elements of it have mixed with the pagan celebration of Halloween as well as the Catholic traditions of All Saints Day and All Souls Day, spanning from October 31 – November 2. Since the holiday is celebrated most widely in Mexico and the US, we tracked down the best places to party in those two countries.
Zozocolco de Hidalgo, Veracruz, Mexico
What better place to celebrate a Mexican tradition than Mexico? Zozocolco, in the state of Veracruz, is no stranger to festivals, so it’s no wonder the city throws one heck of a Día de los Muertos celebration. Visit Mexico calls the city’s festival “unequalled,” as it is more of a cultural festival than it is simply a celebration for the day. The city honors those who have passed on with the usual flowers, candles, and food, but also offers a calaveritas contest where writers can share brief poems, either mocking or revering death, or honoring deceased loved ones.
Also on the activity list are totonaco lessons, where visitors can learn phrases and how to count in the language of the native Totonac peoples of the eastern coastal and mountainous regions of Mexico. Revelers can then enjoy folk music of the indigenous Huastec peoples of Gulf of Mexico who are known for playing the huapanguera — aka the little guitar we see being played in mariachi bands. Día de los Muertos in Zozocolco not only honors people who are no longer with us; it honors traditions and tribes that are dwindling and seeks to bring them back into the light, even if just for a couple of days.
View this post on Instagram
Have a sit and relax. The Day Of The Dead is when you can spend some quality time with your late family. 📷 @karen14169 #DayOfTheDead #VisitMexico #AWorldOfItsOwn #DayOfTheDead #DiaDeLosMuertos #Decorations #Family #Celebrate #Culture #Spirits #Wanderlust #InstaTravel How did you celebrate Day Of The Dead? Share your past experiences with us tagging your shots with #DiaDeMuertos and @VisitMexico
View this post on Instagram
Photo by @christian_foto ( Christian Rodriguez ) La Calavera Catrina ('Dapper Skeleton', 'Elegant Skull') is a 1910–1913 zinc etching by famous Mexican printmaker, cartoon illustrator and lithographer José Guadalupe Posada. The image depicts a female skeleton dressed only in a hat befitting the upper class outfit of a European of her time. Her chapeau en attende is related to European styles of the early 20th century. The culture of La Calavera Catrina's has ties to political satire and is also a well-kept tradition as the original was inspired by the polarizing reign of dictator Porfirio Díaz, whose accomplishments in modernizing and bringing financial stability to Mexico pale against his government's repression, corruption, extravagance and obsession with all things European. Concentration of fantastic wealth in the hands of the privileged few brewed discontent in the hearts of the suffering many, leading to the 1910 rebellion that toppled Diaz in 1911 and became the Mexican Revolution. She also symbolizes the contrasts between the upper and lower classes, for times were cruel. The social classes were extremely segmented and the highest class was the most fortunate, enjoying many privileges; in contrast, the lower classes were nearly invisible. To explain and rescue the folklore of worshiping the dead, while showing this off to high society, José Guadalupe Posada made caricatures of Death, one of these drawings being the famous calavera with an elegant hat, though only representing the head and bust with a sophisticated and skeletal essence Portrait in Naolinco, Veracruz, Mexico. Photo by @christian_foto #naolinco #catrina #díademuertos #dayofthedead #veracruz #mexico #méxicomágico
Santiago de Querétaro, Mexico
OOCTOBER 31 – NOVEMBER 2
If you want to keep it 100% ethnic, Santiago de Querétaro boasts of one of the most “deep-rooted indigenous communities” in Mexico, and their Día de los Muertos celebrations reflect that. The town squares display flamboyant altars to the passing souls with influences from the Chichimec and Otomi peoples. The most popular festival in the historic center in the capital features cultural activities for the whole family — with sugar skulls, papel picado, or craft made out of paper cut into beautiful and elaborate designs, and bright cempasúchitl flowers.
The entire city is full of color and activity to celebrate the day of “joyous mourning.”